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APA Citation Style Guide (6th Ed.): Web Pages and Blog Posts

This guide contains examples of common citation formats in APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Web Pages

If you are citing an entire website, it is not necessary to include a citation for the website in your reference list. Simply include the title and address within the text of your paper.

The Safe Child website includes practical information for parents on how to help their children cope with bullying (

When citing specific information from individual web pages, use the following elements to create your citation. For more information on creating citations when some of the elements are missing, see the APA Style Blog post on Missing Pieces.

Note: Citations with more than one line of text should have a hanging indent of 1/2 inch or 5 spaces.

Important Elements

  • Author (if known). If no author, use title
  • Date of publication. If no date, use n.d.
  • Title of Web page
  • URL (Web address) of the Web page

Note on titles: only italicize the title of a document that stands alone (books, reports, etc.), but not the title of a document that is part of a greater whole. If you are not sure whether something stands alone (such as a document on a website), choose not to italicize.

General Format 
      In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): 
      (Author Surname, Year)
      In-Text Citation (Quotation):
      (Author Surname, Year, page or paragraph number [if available])
      Personal or Corporate Author. (Last update or copyright date; if not known, put n.d.).
            Title of website or specific document. Retrieved from URL of specific page or

Examples of References:

Web page with author

Kraizer, S. (2011). Safety on the Internet. Retrieved from

Web page with group author

American Cancer Society (2015). Genetics and cancer. Retrieved from

Web page with no author

Claustrophobia (2014). Retrieved from

Blog Posts

For more information on citing social media such as Facebook and Twitter, see the APA Style blog post on How to Cite Social Media.

General Format 
      In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): 
      (Author Surname OR Screen name, Year)
      In-Text Citation (Quotation):
      (Author Surname OR Screen name, Year)
      Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial. OR Author screen name {as it appears on
            the blog}. (Year, Month Day {of post}). Title of specific post [Web log post].
            Retrieved from URL of specific post
                     NOTE: If it is the original blog post use [Web log post].  If it is a reply or
                     comment made to the original post, use [Web log comment].
       In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): 
      (Tennant, 2008)
       In-Text Citation (Quotation):
      (Tennant, 2008)
      Tennant, R. (2008, February 9). Kindle 2 announced: This writer yawns. [Web log post].
            Retrieved from